China: Ministry of State Security (MSS)

From Top World  Intelligence Agencies

MSS is responsible for China’s foreign intelligence and counterintelligence mission. The organization is highly secretive, but a string of defectors have begun shedding light on its inner workings.

In 2009, a former MSS spy named Li Fengzhi told the Washington Times how the civilian spy service protects the Chinese Communist Party by suppressing political and religious dissent. Later in 2017, Guo Wengui, a Chinese real estate tycoon also came forward, to claim former MSS vice minister, Ma Jian had given gave him insider information. The incident resulted in the purging of many senior officials within the agency. In 2016, Chen Wenqing was appointed China’s spymaster by President Xi.

Intelligence elements of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) have also played a major role in Chinese intelligence via cyber intrusions  and human intelligence penetration of the U.S. Department of Defense  

Despite internal turmoil, the Chinese intelligence has had numerous successes. In the field of economic espionage, the FBI considers China its biggest threat to the United States.

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