Russia: Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU)

(From Top World  Intelligence Agencies)

GRU’s stated mission is to supply military intelligence to the Russian president and government. Additional missions include ensuring Russia’s military, economic and technological security.

Unlike Russia’s other intelligence services, FSB and SVR, the GRU is not a ministerial organization. The GRU reports to the chief of the general staff and the defense minister.

GRU has allegedly orchestrated the assassination of enemies of the Russian state abroad. British officials says two GRU officers attempted to murder former GRU double agent Sergei Skripal in the March 2018 with a chemical agent. Russia denies any involvement

The GRU is also known for its cyber operations.  U.S. intelligence sources say the GRU sponsors, or otherwise controls,  a hacking collective known as Fancy Bear. According to U.S. intelligence community, Fancy Bear hacked the Democratic National Committee email system during the 2016 presidential election in order to help Donald Trump’s candidacy. “Only Russia’s senior-most officials could have authorized these activities,” the U.S. intelligence community concluded. Russia rejects the charge.

GRU chief Igor Koborov died in November 2018.

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